10 Things You Need To Know About Tonsilitis

tonsillitis in kids

1 Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils – the two small glands that sit on either side of the back of the throat.

2 It’s usually caused by a viral infection, but occasionally a bacterial infection is to blame.

3 The tonsils are part of the immune system. The tonsils are designed to help defend the body against any infection that might get in through the mouth, although after the age of 1 or 2 they’re of relatively little importance. In some people, instead of providing an early warning, the tonsils become infected themselves,  hence tonsillitis.”

4 Tonsillitis is more common in children. It’s because their immune systems are still developing, whereas in adults it is fully developed. Also, adults who were prone to childhood tonsillitis generally have their tonsils removed and therefore there’s nothing to cause a problem.”

5 The main symptoms of tonsillitis are a sore throat and pain when PB swallowing. Other symptoms may include coughing, an earache, headache, tiredness and a fever. There may be white, pus-filled spots on thetonsils, which you can see when looking at the throat,  and swollen glands in the neck.

6 The viruses that can cause tonsillitis spread when an infected person sneezes or coughs. Your child can then inhale tiny droplets of saliva in the air or can pick them up when he touches an infected surface. So the best form of defence is to avoid people who are infected and make sure your child washes his hands regularly.

7 If your child is infected, try to ensure he doesn’t pass on the virus by
keeping him at home while he has symptoms.

8 Tonsillitis usually clears up on its own within three or four days. While your child’s immune system fights the virus, ensure he has lots of rest, eats enough and has plenty of fluids. Age-appropriate ibuprofen or paracetamol can help bring down a fever and ease pain (always follow the dosing instructions carefully).

9 Not every child with tonsillitis needs medical attention. Viral attacks
can’t be treated with antibiotics. If your child seems very unwell or has
a high temperature, particularly with pusfilled white and yellow spots on the tonsils, a very sore throat, and real difficulty eating and drinking, wait for 24 hours to see how things are.
If they get worse, seek medical advice as you may be prescribed antibiotics.”

10 Surgery to remove the tonsils (a tonsillectomy) is much less common than it used to be. Any operation has a risk, so we don’t want to subject a child to it unless it’s absolutely
necessary. Many children grow out of tonsillitis as their immune response matures.

Doctore  follow guidelines that say a child must have had tonsillitis at least seven times per year for one year, or five times per year for two years,
or three times a year for three
years, before we operate.”

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